"English has a pre-eminent place in education and in society.  A high-quality education in English will teach pupils to speak and write fluently so that they can communicate their ideas and emotions to others and through their reading and listening, others can communicate with them. Through reading in particular, pupils have a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. Literature, especially, plays a key role in such development. Reading also enables pupils both to acquire knowledge and to build on what they already know. All the skills of language are essential to participating fully as a member of society; pupils, therefore, who do not learn to speak, read and write fluently and confidently are effectively disenfranchised."

National Curriculum, 2013

Teachers cover aspects of the English curriculum every term. As children move through Wellington, their speaking and listening, reading and writing develops in different genres of narrative, non-fiction and poetry as their skills grow in the areas of vocabulary, grammar and punctuation, spelling and handwriting.

We also use 'Progression in Language Structures' to develop children's functional language across the curriculum.

Click on each year group below to see how the English curriculum is covered, and below to see progression for language structures. 

Year 1 English curriculum 

Year 2 English curriculum  Year 3 English curriculum Year 4 English curriculum Year 5 English curriculum Year 6 English curriculum
Y1 Language Structures Y2 Language Structures  Y3 Progression in Language Structures  Y4 Progression in Language Structures  Y5 Progression in Language Structures Y6 Progression in Language Structures 



Reading is the key to the curriculum. We aim to foster a love of reading and books, but we recognise that children have to be confident with the skills of reading as quickly as possible.

At Wellington, we use a synthetic phonics approach to teaching phonics, which is taught systematically from Phase 1 in Nursery through to Phase 6 in Year 2. Phonics is taught daily to the whole class, using 'Letters and Sounds'.

Children’s phonics knowledge is tested at the end of Year 1 through a statutory national test. If they do not achieve the threshold score, the test in repeated at the end of Year 2.

The vast majority of children complete the phonics programme by the end of Year 2. Phase 3 and Phase 5 phonics are revisited at the beginning of Year 3 to ensure knowledge is secure. 

If some children still have gaps in their phonic knowledge, further support is put in place in Year 3.

The Letters and Sounds programme is supported by levelled reading scheme books that are fully decodable and sequenced cumulatively to match this phonics programme (PM and Rigby Star books). Children at Wellington consistently achieve above national levels in the phonics screening assessment at the end of Year 1. 

To find out more about how our children learn to read, click here.